- CBD Types
What Is CBD Wax & How Should You Use It?
If you lament the relatively low strength of some cannabidiol products, perhaps you could try CBD wax? If you elect to vaporize it, you may find that it affects rather quickly. Its types include CBD shatter and CBD concentrate. In recent times, those looking for a stronger dose of cannabidiol now advocate for CBD wax.
What Is CBD Wax?
It is a form of concentrate typically derived from industrial hemp. You can also use high-CBD marijuana strains, but hemp is preferable. It gets the name because when extracted and purified, the substance has a wax-like appearance and consistency. In general, CBD oils are available in 5%, 10%, and occasionally 20% potencies.
A CBD concentrate is a game-changer for those who believe the compound helps them. The highest-quality CBD wax products can contain 80-90% cannabidiol! Therefore, a gram of it can provide at least 800mg of cannabidiol. On a CBD per mg basis, wax often offers outstanding value for money.
There are several extraction processes involved. In all cases, a company blasts the plant material with a solvent or CO2 in a closed-loop extraction system. There is also an ‘open-loop’ system, but reputable brands don’t use it because it is dangerous. The process involves placing the plant matter into an open-ended tube. Next, you run a solvent such as butane through the machine, across the plant.
The goal is to extract the plant fiber’s concentrated oil. The problem is that open-loop extraction exposes the product to butane. As a consequence, the wax could contain solvent residue. There is also a risk of fire when using such a reckless method. In contrast, closed-loop extraction is safe and results in minimal waste.
Butane Hash Oil Extraction involves the use of the solvent to remove the plant’s essential oils. This includes the plant’s terpenes, flavonoids, and cannabinoids such as CBD. The next step involves leaving the solvent to evaporate. Ultimately, you benefit from a highly concentrated substance.
It remains a popular extraction method despite its downsides. First of all, there is a chance of an explosion during production. There is also a risk of leaving residual butane. The solvent is toxic to humans, so CBD shatter containing butane is exceptionally harmful.
This is the preferred method because of its superior safety profile. It involves the use of pressurized carbon dioxide to remove the plant’s compounds. Supercritical extraction involves high pressure and heat. In this case, the carbon dioxide is simultaneously like a gas and a liquid.
A significant advantage of supercritical CO2 extraction is that the carbon dioxide evaporates afterward. Therefore, the CBD wax doesn’t contain any nasty chemicals.
The Extraction Process
The process of CBD oil extraction involves removing cannabidiol from hemp and suspending it in oil. As far as CBD concentrate is concerned, you continue the extraction process until you are left with little more than CBD. An increasing number of manufacturers add terpenes to provide a little extra flavor.
With CBD oil, you immerse it in a ‘carrier’ such as coconut MCT oil. For CBD wax, you continue to heat and extract until it begins to form a waxy consistency. Depending on the process, the wax has a yellow or brown color. Experts claim that low-grade CBD concentrate has a dark color. High-grade wax typically resembles beeswax with yellow coloring. It also has a crumbly and sticky texture.
In the end, the product contains a high percent of CBD. There is a debate as to whether such ‘isolates’ are inferior to full-spectrum products. A CBD isolate contains no other cannabinoids. A full-spectrum item contains various terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids.
Proponents of full-spectrum CBD products point to the ‘entourage effect.’ It is a phenomenon whereby compounds work better together than in isolation. Research into the effect is ongoing.
Types of CBD Wax
There are multiple types of CBD concentrates that often carry different names. If you are confused by terms such as CBD live resin and CBD shatter, relax! They are nothing more than CBD wax in a slightly varied form. Here are four of the most common types.
This CBD concentrate gets its name from its hard, brittle texture. It will shatter if you handle it too roughly. Manufacturers extract cannabinoids and repeatedly filter until nothing but CBD remains. CBD shatter has a reputation as the cleanest and purest form of CBD wax.
You will also notice that shatter has clear coloring. This is because of the molecules in the extracted oil. They are all stacked neatly in straight rows on top of one another. The alignment enables light to pass through and ensures the concentrate has a glass-like appearance.
Creating budder involves purging using high temperatures and air pressure. The resulting substance is waxier than shatter and about as potent. It gets its name from its butter-like consistency.
Manufacturers create this type of CBD wax when the extracted cannabinoids start to crystalize after agitation during extraction. Next, they purge at a high temperature or whip it like batter in the middle, or at the end, of purging.
Crumble involves a similar extraction process to concentrates like budder. The main difference is the use of a pre-purged CBD oil with more viscosity and moisture. Texture-wise, CBD Crumble is akin to feta cheese that crumbles easily. Those who choose crumble do so because of its unique flavor. However, its relatively loose structure means it isn’t the best option for dabbing.
CBD Live Resin
This is becoming a prevalent form of CBD concentrate. It is known for its high terpene content. Manufacturers extract live resin from fresh or occasionally frozen hemp or cannabis plants. It gets the name because it is removed from ‘live’ plants and is not decarboxylated first. The resulting product provides a better terpene profile. Advocates enjoy the flavors, aroma, and overall effects.
How to Use CBD Wax
Users often report that the effects of wax occur rapidly. Unlike potent THC concentrates, there is no concern about an overly intense intoxicating high. In general, it is best to use a small amount at first to see how it affects you. As time goes by, increase the dose as needed. Those who want to try wax do so because of its potency. Buying a slab of it is expensive, but you save money in the long run.
There are several methods of using CBD wax. For instance, you can sprinkle some of it into a cannabidiol joint to get an extra kick. However, this is far from the most popular method. Here are three more likely ways to enjoy CBD concentrate.
A ‘dab’ is a concentrated dose of cannabinoids, so it makes sense to utilize it when using CBD wax. You need a particular piece of apparatus called a dab rig to proceed. It consists of a ‘nail’ which is where you heat the concentrate. Then, you inhale it through the rig. You also need a dab tool and a butane torch.
To proceed, heat the nail with the torch until the surface glows red. The optimal amount of time to wait depends on factors such as the nail’s material and thickness. In general, experts recommend dabbing CBD concentrate at a temperature of between 320 and 356 degrees Fahrenheit.
A general rule of thumb states that it takes 20 seconds for the nail to heat up. It takes 60 seconds for it to cool. Place the CBD wax on the nail with the dab tool when ready. Slowly inhale the vapor, and ensure you consume as much as you can. Invest in a carb cap to place over the nail and trap the heat. Exhale the vapor. Once you are finished, wait for the nail to cool down and clean it.
If you don’t have a dab rig, use your bong. You have the option to load the bowl with CBD flower first if you have any. Add your wax and use your bong as usual. Alternatively, pop some concentrate into the bowl. A major downside is that using a bong for wax is potentially wasteful. Also, trying to smoke wax out of a glass bowl usually doesn’t end well.
There is an array of low-cost vape pens on the market these days. You can also invest in a more hi-tech device such as the Firefly 2. You will pay several hundred dollars but benefit from features such as temperature control to the precise degree. However, a cheap vape pen should do the trick for CBD concentrates.
Follow the device’s instructions to use the wax. The pen should have a special compartment where you place the concentrate. Switch on the vaporizer, and it will begin to heat the substance. Much like a dab rig, the heat turns the wax into vapor. Inhale as much as you want.
Final Thoughts on CBD Wax
CBD wax is potentially a great way to derive the benefits of a more potent form of the cannabinoid. Remember, there are many ways to extract cannabidiol from cannabis or hemp. We recommend avoiding companies that use a solvent such as butane. There is always a chance that some of the solvent’s residue ends up in your product. In contrast, supercritical CO2 extraction is a much cleaner method.
Why doesn’t every brand use CO2 extraction when creating CBD concentrates? The simple reason is due to the expense involved. On the flip side, any company that uses CO2 immediately announces that it has the resources to provide the best quality CBD products. Also, make sure that the company only extracts its CBD from organically grown hemp. Otherwise, there is a risk of pesticides and heavy metals.
When in doubt, eliminate any ‘contenders’ that don’t provide third-party lab reports for each item. This certificate of analysis allows you to see precisely what is inside each batch of CBD shatter or wax. Finally, you have to decide if you want CBD isolate or a full-spectrum product. There are benefits to both, so do your research and find out which one suits you.