What are Terpenes in CBD Oil?

August 17, 2018

What are Terpenes in CBD Oil

With all the attention given to THC and CBD, it is easy to overlook the important role played by terpenes. These essential oils are located in the trichomes of the marijuana plant, and are responsible for the wonderfully diverse array of aromas and flavors associated with weed.

Terpenes are volatile molecules and evaporate easily, which means you have to be careful when vaping CBD-rich oil. If the temperature gets too hot, you will burn off most of the terpenes and potentially miss out on a host of medicinal effects.

There are approximately 200 terpenes in weed, although it is possible that many more lay undiscovered. However, only a small fraction appear in significant enough amounts that enable us to grasp their scent. The hemp plant contains an estimated 120 terpenes and alas, the processing method used by companies determines how many terpenes remain in the CBD oil you use.

Terpenes, Terpenes, Everywhere!

The number of terpenes found in marijuana merely scratches the surface of these interesting molecules. In fact, scientists have discovered over 20,000 of them and they appear to be critical elements of essential oils. Moreover, you probably don’t realize that you can find terpenes in food additives and perfumes!

As such, the average person is exposed to hundreds of terpenes daily without realizing it. For instance, plants such as basil, mint, and rosemary have a strong terpene profile, which is why they are known for their aromas and potential for aromatherapy.

Here are a few common terpenes, along with their perceived therapeutic effects:

  • Vitamin A: This is probably the most surprising entry. Also known as retinol, Vitamin A helps our vision in dim light and improves the body’s natural defenses against infection and illness. It is the only terpene on the list that is not found in weed.
  • Limonene: Found in the cannabis plant, citrus fruits, and peppermint, limonene has antidepressant and anti-bacterial effects. There is even a suggestion that it exhibits anti-carcinogenic properties, though this is not proven.
  • Beta-Caryophyllene: This comes from the sesquiterpene family of terpenoids, and is found in oregano and black pepper. It is useful for treating certain ulcers and is potentially a therapeutic compound for autoimmune disorders and inflammatory conditions.
  • Myrcene: Myrcene is one of the most common terpenes, and is found in most hemp and cannabis varieties. You can also find it in thyme, parsley, and bay leaves, and it is sometimes used to help treat insomnia and muscle cramps.
  • Linalool: Linalool is associated with lavender, although it is also available in other flowers. It provides a soothing effect and is useful for treating anxiety. It works synergistically with CBD to relieve chronic pain, but when added to a THC-heavy oil, linalool has a sedative effect.
  • Humulene: This is another member of the sesquiterpene family and is found in cannabis sativa, hops, and Vietnamese coriander. It is sometimes blended with beta-caryophyllene as a remedy for inflammation. Humulene has been a favorite in Chinese medicine for centuries, and is occasionally used as an appetite suppressant to aid in weight loss. Overall, it is said to be anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial.
  • Pinene: As the name suggests, Pinene offers a pine and fir aroma. This terpene is found in conifers, pine woods, and citrus fruits, as well as in cannabis. In medicine, Pinene is used as an anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and expectorant. In Chinese medicine, Pinene has been used as an anti-cancer agent for centuries.

What Does Science Say About the Therapeutic Effects of Terpenes?

As you can tell from their descriptions, terpenes are often championed as a form of alternative medicine. Therefore, it is essential for your CBD oil to contain terpenes. Although CBD isolates can also potentially help certain conditions, research suggests that adding terpenes to CBD oil will increase its efficacy as a medical treatment. The process of cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes working together is known as the ‘entourage effect.’

A 2011 report* by Dr. Ethan Russo, published in the British Journal of Pharmacology, analyzed the therapeutic effects of terpenes. In his conclusion, Russo said that marijuana chemotypes rich in phytocannabinoids and terpenes could “help improve the therapeutic index of cannabis extracts containing THC, or other base phytocannabinoids.” In other words, adding terpenes to CBD oil (or THC oil for that matter) offered a potentially better medical outcome.

A 2008 study* by Dr. Jurg Gertsch, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, analyzed beta-caryophyllene’s binding affinity for the CB2 receptor and said it was a dietary cannabinoid. At the time of writing, it is the only terpene known to activate a CB receptor directly. This is one of the main reasons why leafy green vegetables are so healthy.

There is still a lot of research that must be conducted into terpenes, but it seems as if specific terpenoids dilate capillaries in the lungs. As a result, when you vape CBD oil laden with terpenes, the cannabidiol enters the bloodstream more easily. Nerolidol is a terpenoid known for its sedative properties, and it penetrates the skin and improves the absorption of cannabinoids when added topically. This makes it a key ingredient of any CBD oil that purports to ease localized chronic pain.

Final Thoughts on Terpenes in CBD Oil

Basically, terpenes work synergistically with the CBD found in hemp or marijuana, have their own potential medical benefits, and are responsible for your weed’s color, taste, and smell. When purchasing CBD oil, make sure you only spend money on a product that is backed up with a full lab report that shows the oil’s CBD and terpene content.

It is also a fact that a CBD oil’s terpene content and concentration could affect the way you feel. While one group of terpenoids could boost your energy, another set could make you feel sleepy. While the Hemp Farming Act will hopefully make a difference if it is passed into law, at present the CBD market is largely unregulated. That’s why you need a lab report from a reputable third-party source – otherwise, you don’t really know what you’re getting.

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Getting Started with CBD Oil

If you suffer from anxiety (like me), depression or pain and are looking to get started with CBD oil, you need information on how to buy CBD oil, or you’re simply looking to learn more about CBD products, you’ve arrived at the right place.

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol, aka CBD, is a compound found in the cannabis plant that has significant medical benefits. CBD can be extracted from two different species of the Cannabis Sativa L plant, which include Cannabis and Hemp. Unlike its rival THC, CBD does not make people feel “stoned” and can actually counteract the psychoactivity of THC.

One of the main advantages of CBD is its non-psychoactive affect making it a great option for people looking for relief from inflammation, anxiety, insomnia, seizures, spasms, and other conditions.
As I mentioned above the primary distinction between Hemp and CBD oil is the part of the plant they are derived from and what parts of the plant are used to create the oil. Hemp oil is typically made from pressing cannabis seeds to extract the fatty oil from within, while some that have mastered the CBD extraction process also use the flowers as they contain high percentages of CBD. CBD oil, on the other hand, is usually made from the flowers of cannabis plant through various extraction methods.

How Does CBD Affect Your Body?

The way marijuana affects your body varies from person to person as it will often depend on genetics, tolerance to the cannabinoids, medical health, DNA, and more. It also depends on the way you consume the CBD, for example, the effects of vaping CBD are far different to smoking it in the form of high-CBD cannabis strains. 

CBD and the way it affects us is still of somewhat a mystery to researchers they still try to figure out how it effects the EndoCannabinoid system. During the previous century, it was discovered that our bodies have receptors within the brain and central nervous system. Specific cannabinoids such as CBD bind to those receptors and activate the EndoCannabinoid System (ECS). This then provides a wide range of psychological and physical benefits helping the body.

Without going into specifics, cannabinoids signal to the body to create endocannabinoids and build more receptors. This helps the body to limit things associated with pain and inflammation, repairs cells and provides a wide range of other health benefits. Unlike other cannabinoids, CBD is thought to be the ultimate anti-inflammatory cannabinoid.

Want to learn more about how CBD works read: How Long Does it Take CBD to Work

Medical Benefits of CBD

There is a misconception as to whether CBD can help treat patients, similar to pharmaceutical medicine, but thanks to the internet and a few different medical studies patients and researchers have been exposing their findings on how CBD oil is helping to cure a wide range of medical conditions.

The most popular story was the one of Charlotte Figi. At the time Charlotte was only 6 years old. As a little girl, she was experiencing over 300 epileptic seizures per week until she was successfully treated by a CBD-rich strain oil, later named Charlotte’s Web.

The high-quality CBD oil, changed her life, helping her to overcome a 6-year battle. Since her story hit the news, CBD and other cannabinoids of the cannabis plant are constantly being researched to understand how they can help to treat different medical conditions. As a matter of fact, CBD has been thought to help treat over 170 medical conditions, among them severe conditions such as Anorexia, Cancer, Arthritis, Depression, Anxiety, Chronic Pain, Insomnia, Glaucoma, multiple sclerosis and PTSD.

Recent studies have even shown that CBD, may cure life-threatening diseases by altering genes. Other studies have proven that it might even be an effective treatment for osteoarthritis and chronic pain.

The way that CBD works is that it interacts with receptors located in different parts of the central nervous system. These receptors are called CB1 and CB2. Both reflect the areas of the brain they interact with such as the limbic system. When taking CBD, this cannabinoid locks in on these receptors and affects the body in different ways. For example, it can help to block the pain caused by specific medical conditions.

While numerous studies have shown promising results, it is important to understand that CBD research is still at premature stages. A 2011 study that researched CBD for fibromyalgia showed extremely promising results. 56 of 112 participants who took CBD in the form of oil saw a great reduction in their symptoms and pain, while those using traditional methods didn’t see hardly any improvement.

Can you Buy CBD if you live in an illegal state?

The process is not cut-&-dry, and but thanks to the Farm Bill of 2014, forms of CBD can now be delivered to your doorstep. Those that live in recreational states can purchase CBD cannabis oil which is high in potency and extremely effective for helping to treat severe medical conditions, while those that live in other states that are not medical or recreational can benefit from CBD hemp oil. CBD Hemp oil is perfect for helping to treat a wide range of conditions including anxiety, depression and acute pain. 

Who is NaturalWellNessCBDOil?

My name is Jonathan, and I’ve created this loving resource that is packed with information about CBD oil. I am growing a community on Facebook and are constantly engaging with different people to help them make more informed decisions. I review products on a daily basis and provide unbiased reviews about some of the top CBD oil manufacturers. All the information on the site is FREE; I only ask that you help to share the information you find on the site with other people that are suffering. 

To your health and happiness.